Volume 1, Issue 3 (12-2018)                   Iran J Health Insur 2018, 1(3): 88-96 | Back to browse issues page

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Akhavan Behbahani A, Alidoost S, Masoudi Asl I, Rahbari Bonab M. Investigating the Performance of Iran’s Health Insurance Organization and Providing Solutions for Improvement: A Mixed Method Study. Iran J Health Insur 2018; 1 (3) :88-96
URL: http://journal.ihio.gov.ir/article-1-45-en.html
1- Islamic Parliament Research Center of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Tehran, Iran
2- Community Based Participatory Research Center, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High – Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , m.rahbari2003@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (5335 Views)
Introduction: The health insurance organizations in Iran are an important part of the health system. However, they are not conscious to many unnecessary costs incurred by providers and recipients, and the health system suffers from a lack of an efficient health insurance system. Therefore, it is essential to assess the performance of insurers and implement appropriate measures. This study aims to investigate the performance of Iranian health insurance organization and present solutions to the challenges.
Methods: This study employed an explanatory sequential mixed method. The quantitative part of the research is a descriptive cross-sectional study and the qualitative section is conducted through qualitative content analysis. Quantitative data were collected by a researcher-made tool and analyzed based on descriptive statistics. For the qualitative section, the focus group discussion method was used for collecting data.
Results: Quantitative results show an increase in the population covered, especially in Self-employed fund, and increase in the number of contracting providers except physicians and dentists. The analysis of indicators related to utilization of health services indicates that the distribution of health facilities varies in different provinces which Sistan and Baluchestan Province has the lowest ranking. Also, financial indicators show that overhead costs and medical expenses of health insurance organization have been rising significantly since 2014. The analysis of qualitative data led to identification of three themes including: factors affecting budget deficit, suggested solutions for health insurance organization and suggested solutions for the health system. Based on the findings, the increasing of tariffs, population covered and benefit packages coverage are the most important factors in increasing costs, which strategic purchasing and revising of basic benefit package can play a significant role in meeting challenges.
Conclusions: In recent years, the population covered by the health insurance organization and the number of contracting providers have risen, and the utilization of health services has increased. On the other hand, the costs of this organization experiencing a significant increase for various reasons. Therefore, it is vital to design and implement appropriate strategies to manage the costs.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/12/1 | Revised: 2019/09/22 | Accepted: 2018/12/15 | ePublished: 2018/12/15

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