Volume 2, Issue 1 (6-2019)                   Iran J Health Insur 2019, 2(1): 21-29 | Back to browse issues page

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Rezaee M, Daei-Karimzadeh S, Fadaei M, Etbarian A, Bahrami H. Relationship of Provision Financial Resources, Physical and Legal Infrastructures, and Manpower in Implementing "Health Insurance of Villagers and Nomads Program" Developed by Iran Health Insurance Organization. Iran J Health Insur. 2019; 2 (1) :21-29
URL: http://journal.ihio.gov.ir/article-1-53-en.html
1- Department of Management, faculty of Management, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2- Department of Management, faculty of Management, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran , saeedkarimzade@yahoo.com
3- Payame Noor University, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (3972 Views)
Introduction: The family physician program and the referral system in health insurance of Iranian villagers and nomads were implemented in 2005 by the Iran Health Insurance Organization, after being approved by the Islamic Consultative Assembly. Financial resources and other physical and legal infrastructures as well as human resources are the essential requirements for implementing this program. The present study aimed at examining the factors contributing to the success of this national program in the described areas, considering their ease, accessibility, and role in the success of the family physician program and the referral system in health insurance of Iranian villagers and nomads in 2017.
Methods: In the current study, the variables involved in the physical and legal infrastructures, manpower, and provision of financial resources were first examined using Delphi method according to the experts' opinion including practitioners involved in the rural programs, inspectors, and supervisors of health insurance plan as well as experts and managers of Khuzestan, Isfahan, Lorestan, Ilam, Kermanshah, Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari, and Kohgiluyeh va Boyer-Ahmad provinces selected based on the purposive and chain sampling methods. Student t-test was then used to compare the responses with standard tables.
Results: In the provision of financial resources, physical and legal infrastructure and manpower after several years of implementating the program were approved by the indices such as the timely allocation of funds and provision of service packages, the determination of the actual per capita and the payment of services per capita, approval of referral system law and upstream laws, the payment of franchises at levels 2 and 3, and the number of specialists in the villages, their appropriate distribution on the basis of population density and the expansion of health centers based on this density, appropriate training, and long-term contracts, which create a sense of usefulness and ease of using services in insures and has a significant relationship with changing the family physician program and the success of the project.
Conclusions: After several years of implementing rural family physician program, the project has a relatively appropriate performance in terms of financing and other infrastructures. However, the referral system is still not implemented properly and feedbacks from specialized physicians are not sent to family physicians.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/01/6 | Revised: 2021/04/20 | Accepted: 2019/05/25 | ePublished: 2019/06/22

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